Last Name

Xun Ai

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionRush University, Rush Medical College
DepartmentPhysiology and Biophysics
Address1750 West Harrison St
Chicago IL 60612
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    My Scopus ID is 8891857500.
    My NIH COMMONS name is XUNAI63.

    Research Areas:
    cardiac arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, cardiovascular diseases.

    My Faculty Profile at Rush University Medical Center:

    My Laboratory:

    My NCBI Bibliography:

    My Scopus:

    BS/MD, Suzhou Medical College (now Soochow University), China
    MS, Medical Science, Shanghai Medical University (now Fudan University), China
    Postdoctoral training, Johns Hopkins University / University of Illinois at Chicago

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Liu Z, Finet JE, Wolfram JA, Anderson ME, Ai X, Donahue JK. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II causes atrial structural remodeling associated with atrial fibrillation and heart failure. Heart Rhythm. 2019 Jan 14. PMID: 30654134.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Yan J, Thomson JK, Zhao W, Gao X, Huang F, Chen B, Liang Q, Song LS, Fill M, Ai X. Role of Stress Kinase JNK in Binge Alcohol-Evoked Atrial Arrhythmia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Apr 03; 71(13):1459-1470. PMID: 29598867.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gao X, Wu X, Yan J, Zhang J, Zhao W, DeMarco D, Zhang Y, Bakhos M, Mignery G, Sun J, Li Z, Fill M, Ai X. Transcriptional regulation of stress kinase JNK2 in pro-arrhythmic CaMKIId expression in the aged atrium. Cardiovasc Res. 2018 Apr 01; 114(5):737-746. PMID: 29360953.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Yan J, Zhao W, Thomson JK, Gao X, DeMarco DM, Carrillo E, Chen B, Wu X, Ginsburg KS, Bakhos M, Bers DM, Anderson ME, Song LS, Fill M, Ai X. Stress Signaling JNK2 Crosstalk With CaMKII Underlies Enhanced Atrial Arrhythmogenesis. Circ Res. 2018 Mar 16; 122(6):821-835. PMID: 29352041.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Zhang R, Zhang G, Xiang B, Chen X, Tang L, Shi S, Liu Y, Ai X, Xie P, Li Z. TRAF3 negatively regulates platelet activation and thrombosis. Sci Rep. 2017 Dec 07; 7(1):17112. PMID: 29215030.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Yan J, Thomson JK, Zhao W, Wu X, Gao X, DeMarco D, Kong W, Tong M, Sun J, Bakhos M, Fast VG, Liang Q, Prabhu SD, Ai X. The stress kinase JNK regulates gap junction Cx43 gene expression and promotes atrial fibrillation in the aged heart. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2018 Jan; 114:105-115. PMID: 29146153.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Hood AR, Ai X, Pogwizd SM. Regulation of cardiac gap junctions by protein phosphatases. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2017 06; 107:52-57. PMID: 28478048.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ai X, Yan J, Carrillo E, Ding W. The Stress-Response MAP Kinase Signaling in Cardiac Arrhythmias. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol. 2016; 172:77-100. PMID: 27848025.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Zhang Y, Wu S, Ma J, Xia Y, Ai X, Sun J. Bacterial protein AvrA stabilizes intestinal epithelial tight junctions via blockage of the C-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway. Tissue Barriers. 2015; 3(1-2):e972849. PMID: 25838979; PMCID: PMC4372022.
    10. Yan J, Thomson JK, Zhao W, Fast VG, Ye T, Ai X. Voltage and calcium dual channel optical mapping of cultured HL-1 atrial myocyte monolayer. J Vis Exp. 2015 Mar 23; (97). PMID: 25867896.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Ai X. SR calcium handling dysfunction, stress-response signaling pathways, and atrial fibrillation. Front Physiol. 2015; 6:46. PMID: 25745402; PMCID: PMC4333799.
    12. Yang X, Wang T, Lin X, Yue X, Wang Q, Wang G, Fu Q, Ai X, Chiang DY, Miyake CY, Wehrens XHT, Chang J. Genetic deletion of Rnd3/RhoE results in mouse heart calcium leakage through upregulation of protein kinase A signaling. Circ Res. 2015 Jan 02; 116(1):e1-e10. PMID: 25348166; PMCID: PMC4282622.
    13. Gemel J, Levy AE, Simon AR, Bennett KB, Ai X, Akhter S, Beyer EC. Connexin40 abnormalities and atrial fibrillation in the human heart. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Nov; 76:159-68. PMID: 25200600.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Yan J, Thomson JK, Wu X, Zhao W, Pollard AE, Ai X. Novel methods of automated quantification of gap junction distribution and interstitial collagen quantity from animal and human atrial tissue sections. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e104357. PMID: 25105669; PMCID: PMC4126721.
    15. Wang Y, Yang Y, Ai X. Heart failure. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014; 2014:730651. PMID: 24693244; PMCID: PMC3944206.
    16. Zhu Y, Ai X, Oster RA, Bers DM, Pogwizd SM. Sex differences in repolarization and slow delayed rectifier potassium current and their regulation by sympathetic stimulation in rabbits. Pflugers Arch. 2013 Jun; 465(6):805-18. PMID: 23242028; PMCID: PMC3634873.
    17. Yan J, Kong W, Zhang Q, Beyer EC, Walcott G, Fast VG, Ai X. c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation contributes to reduced connexin43 and development of atrial arrhythmias. Cardiovasc Res. 2013 Mar 01; 97(3):589-97. PMID: 23241357; PMCID: PMC3567788.
    18. Respress JL, van Oort RJ, Li N, Rolim N, Dixit SS, deAlmeida A, Voigt N, Lawrence WS, Skapura DG, Skårdal K, Wisløff U, Wieland T, Ai X, Pogwizd SM, Dobrev D, Wehrens XH. Role of RyR2 phosphorylation at S2814 during heart failure progression. Circ Res. 2012 May 25; 110(11):1474-83. PMID: 22511749; PMCID: PMC3371642.
    19. Dong JZ, Lei C, Ai XR, Wang Y. Selenium enrichment on Cordyceps militaris link and analysis on its main active components. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012 Mar; 166(5):1215-24. PMID: 22246726.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Ai X, Jiang A, Ke Y, Solaro RJ, Pogwizd SM. Enhanced activation of p21-activated kinase 1 in heart failure contributes to dephosphorylation of connexin 43. Cardiovasc Res. 2011 Oct 01; 92(1):106-14. PMID: 21727092; PMCID: PMC3172982.
    21. Ai X, Zhao W, Pogwizd SM. Connexin43 knockdown or overexpression modulates cell coupling in control and failing rabbit left ventricular myocytes. Cardiovasc Res. 2010 Mar 01; 85(4):751-62. PMID: 19880431; PMCID: PMC2860702.
    22. Fahrenbach JP, Ai X, Banach K. Decreased intercellular coupling improves the function of cardiac pacemakers derived from mouse embryonic stem cells. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2008 Nov; 45(5):642-9. PMID: 18817780; PMCID: PMC2598737.
    23. Desantiago J, Ai X, Islam M, Acuna G, Ziolo MT, Bers DM, Pogwizd SM. Arrhythmogenic effects of beta2-adrenergic stimulation in the failing heart are attributable to enhanced sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca load. Circ Res. 2008 Jun 06; 102(11):1389-97. PMID: 18467626; PMCID: PMC2585979.
    24. Guo T, Ai X, Shannon TR, Pogwizd SM, Bers DM. Intra-sarcoplasmic reticulum free [Ca2+] and buffering in arrhythmogenic failing rabbit heart. Circ Res. 2007 Oct 12; 101(8):802-10. PMID: 17704210.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ai X, Curran JW, Shannon TR, Bers DM, Pogwizd SM. Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase modulates cardiac ryanodine receptor phosphorylation and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ leak in heart failure. Circ Res. 2005 Dec 09; 97(12):1314-22. PMID: 16269653.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Bossuyt J, Ai X, Moorman JR, Pogwizd SM, Bers DM. Expression and phosphorylation of the na-pump regulatory subunit phospholemman in heart failure. Circ Res. 2005 Sep 16; 97(6):558-65. PMID: 16100047.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Ai X, Pogwizd SM. Connexin 43 downregulation and dephosphorylation in nonischemic heart failure is associated with enhanced colocalized protein phosphatase type 2A. Circ Res. 2005 Jan 07; 96(1):54-63. PMID: 15576650.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Li J, Yan JG, Ai X, Hu S, Gu YD, Matloub HS, Sanger JR. Ultrastructural analysis of peripheral-nerve regeneration within a nerve conduit. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2004 Oct; 20(7):565-9. PMID: 15534784.
      View in: PubMed
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