Course code 
07 53 2609 20 
ECTS credits 
4 
Course title in the language of instruction 
Podstawy fizyki ciała stałego 
Course title in Polish 
Podstawy fizyki ciała stałego 
Course title in English 
Fundamentals of Solid State Physics 
Language of instruction 
Polish 
Course level 
firstcycle programme 
Course coordinator 
dr inż. Marek Izdebski 
Course instructors 
dr inż. Marek Izdebski 
Delivery methods and course duration 

Lecture 
Tutorials 
Laboratory 
Project 
Seminar 
Other 
Total of teaching hours during semester 
Contact hours 
30 
20 



0 
50 
Elearning 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 

Assessment criteria (weightage) 
0.60 
0.40 



0.00 


Course objective 
 The aim of lecture is to familiarize students with the fundamental aspects of solid state physics: crystal lattice, crystal bonds, vibrations of crystal lattice, electron energy states, properties of semiconductors, and theory of crystal growth.
 The aim of tutorials is to broaden students's; abilities necessary to solve exercises and problems based on selected issues from the area of crystal lattice, crystal symmetry, ionic crystals, vibrations of crystal lattice, and electron energy states in crystals.

Learning outcomes 
 A student who has completed the course possesses general knowledge about the basic concepts of crystal lattice, crystal lattice defects, crystal symmetry, reciprocal lattice, the types of crystal bonds, properties of intrinsic and doped semiconductors, and thermodynamic principles of phase equilibrium and crystallization (FFT1A_W02).
 A student who has completed the course knows and understands basic laws of classical and modern physics that are the basis for the construction of selected models of crystal lattice vibrations, models of electron energy states in crystals, crystal growth models and for description of the Hall effect (FFT1A_W08).
 A student who has completed the course can analyze and solve problems from the area of: crystal lattice, the reciprocal lattice, the influence of crystal symmetry on the properties described by first and second rank tensors, ionic crystals, vibrations of crystal lattice, and electron energy states in crystals (FFT1A_U05).

Assessment methods 
learning outcomes 1 and 2: written test on theoretical issues,
learning outcome 3: written test on solving exercises and problems.

Prerequisites 
Before starting the course students should be able to:
1. Use basic definitions and laws of classical physics.
2. Formulate fundamental concepts, postulates and equations of quantum mechanics. 
Course content with delivery methods 
1. Solid state concept, perfect crystal lattice, symmetries of crystals, reciprocal lattice, real crystals, defects of crystal lattice.
2. Crystal bonds: van der Waals bonds, ionic crystals and Madelung constant, covalent crystals, hydrogen bonds, metallic crystals and cohesive energy.
3. Vibrations of crystal lattice: monoatomic linear chain, diatomic linear chain, vibrations of threedimensional lattice, normal vibrations, spectrum of vibrations, the energy and specific heat capacity of crystal (insulator)  Einstein model and Debye model, thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of solids.
4. Electron energy states in crystals: free electron model, Sommerfeld expansion, electronic specific heat capacity, nearly freeelectron model, the electron in a periodic potential  Bloch theorem, strongbond model, the velocity and effective mass of electron, holes, density of electron states.
5. General properties of intrinsic and doped semiconductors: semiconductor materials, band structure, carrier concentration, the Fermi level, carrier mobility and electrical conductivity.
6. Hall effect in metals and semiconductors.
7. Thermodynamic principles of phase equilibrium and crystallization  state functions, first law of thermodynamics, process reversibility and entropy, chemical potential, GibbsDuhem equation, thermodynamic potentials, masstransfer equilibrium in multicomponent systems.
8. Selected crystal growth models: thermodynamic Jackson and Temkin models of solidliquid interface, kinematic block models as a basis for computer simulations of crystal growth using Monte Carlo method.
TUTORIALS
Solving exercises and problems related to the selected lecture topics: crystal lattice, the reciprocal lattice, the influence of crystal symmetry on the properties described by first and second rank tensors, ionic crystals, vibrations of crystal lattice, and electron energy states in crystals. 
Basic reference materials 
 W. Ashcroft, N. D. Mermin, "Fizyka ciała stałego", PWN, Warszawa 1986
 Ch. Kittel, "Wstęp do fizyki ciała stałego", PWN Warszawa, 1999
 A. Sukiennicki, A. Zagórski, "Fizyka ciała stałego", WNT, Warszawa 1984
 H. Ibach, M. Lüth, "Fizyka ciała stałego", PWN, Warszawa 1996.

Other reference materials 
 A. van der Ziel, "Podstawy fizyczne elektroniki ciała stałego", PWN, Warszawa 1980.
 G. Streetman, "Przyrządy półprzewodnikowe", WNT, Warszawa 1976.

Average student workload outside classroom 
58 
Comments 

Last update 
20190925 19:13:03 